ALCOHOL AND OTHER DRUGS EDUCATION CALIFORNIA STATE UNIVERSITY, EAST BAY
Prepared by: Student Health & Counseling Services Health Promotion Department
TABLE OF CONTENTS
I. ALCOHOL AND DRUG EDUCATION GRANTS.. 3
II. ALCOHOL EDUCATION PROGRAM.. 3
III. TOBACCO PREVENTION.. 5
IV. PRESCRIPTION DRUG USE PREVENTION.. 6
V. CAMPUS ASSESSMENT.. 6
VI. CSUEB ALCOHOL POLICY.. 9
I. ALCOHOL AND DRUG EDUCATION GRANTS
No grants related to alcohol or other drugs were received between 2009-2011.
II. ALCOHOL EDUCATION PROGRAM
ALCOHOL WISE ONLINE PROGRAM (Fall 2008 – Present)
Recent assessments reflect a changing student population on California State University, East Bay’s (CSUEB) campus. With each incoming cohort, the majority of students on campus now fall within the 18-25 year age range. National data show that college students, age 18-24 years, are more likely than any other age group to engage in high risk drinking behaviors which may lead to higher incidences of vandalism, violence, and sexual assault. Given the information, CSUEB strives to take proactive steps to prevent high risk drinking behaviors and its consequences. As a result, Alcohol Wise was implemented so incoming students would have knowledge about alcohol’s effect on their body, academic life, and future success and also be able to make informed decisions regarding alcohol use.
When Alcohol Wise was originally implemented in Fall 2008, CSUEB required all first-time freshmen to complete the program. Emails detailing the requirement and deadline were sent to new students registered for summer orientation. Letters about the program were also sent to parents of the freshmen. In Fall 2010, CSUEB began to include incoming transfer students to complete Alcohol Wise in addition to first-time freshmen.
Although verbiage states the program is required for all incoming students, there is no enforcement mechanism in place to ensure every student has completed the program. If students have not finished the program, reminder emails are sent periodically until the end of the quarter.
In Fall 2009, 86% of first time freshmen completed the Alcohol Wise program. In Fall 2010, 90% of first-time freshmen and 76% of transfer students completed the program.
Alcohol Wise, provided by 3rd Millennium Classrooms, is an online alcohol abuse prevention course which educates students about the harmful effects of alcohol, raises retention rates, and acts as a prevention tool for future alcohol-related violations. Alcohol Wise also includes e-CHUG which is endorsed by Student Affairs Administrators in Higher Education (NASPA). E-CHUG includes comparative social norms and encourages responsible behavior within the course and is non-confrontational and encourages students to make positive personal choices. Alcohol Wise also incorporates Pre and Post tests to provide important measurements of knowledge gained.
Alcohol Wise Assessment
3rdMillennium Classrooms provides analyses of the students who have completed Alcohol Wise. Information about student knowledge and behavior change are provided below. Data is only provided for 2008 and 2009 cohorts. CSUEB will receive information about Fall 2010’s class in June 2011.
Overall, Alcohol Wise reports an increase in alcohol education knowledge after completing the online program.
|Fall 2008 (n=908)||45%||78%||33%|
|Fall 2009 (n=1,247)||46%||79%||33%|
Alternate non-alcoholic with alcohol beverages
|Fall 2008 (n=908)||11.5%||13.3%||1.8%|
|Fall 2009 (n=1,247)||12.6%||12.3%||-0.3%|
|Set limit of drinks for the night|
|Fall 2008 (n=908)||10.8%||13.2%||2.4%|
|Fall 2009 (n=1,247)||10.6%||12.6%||2.0%|
|Choose not to drink alcohol|
|Fall 2008 (n=908)||23.7%||22.5%||-1.2%|
|Fall 2009 (n=1,247)||20.4%||21.4%||1.0%|
|Use a designated driver|
|Fall 2008 (n=908)||14.3%||14.9%||0.6%|
|Fall 2009 (n=1,247)||14.2%||13.2%||-1.0%|
|Eat before and/or during drinking|
|Fall 2008 (n=908)||17.3%||16.8%||-0.5%|
|Fall 2009 (n=1,247)||16.7%||18.8%||2.1%|
|Have a friend let you know you've had enough|
|Fall 2008 (n=908)||7.1%||8.5%||1.4%|
|Fall 2009 (n=1,247)||7.0%||7.4%||0.4%|
|Keep track of the number of drinks consumed|
|Fall 2008 (n=908)||13.2%||16.4%||3.3%|
|Fall 2009 (n=1,247)||16.3%||14.4%||-1.9%|
|Pace your drinks to 1 or fewer per hour|
|Fall 2008 (n=908)||8.0%||9.9%||1.9%|
|Fall 2009 (n=1,247)||8.7%||9.0%||0.3%|
|Drink non-alcoholic beer, punch etc…|
|Fall 2008 (n=908)||15.8%||16.4%||0.6%|
|Fall 2009 (n=1,247)||15.1%||14.1%||-1.0%|
American College Health Association - National College Health Assessment
The American College Health Association - National College Health Assessment (ACHA-NCHA) was conducted in Spring 2008 before Alcohol Wise was implemented in Fall 2008. The ACHA-NCHA was conducted again in Spring 2010. Variables pertaining to alcohol use, such as current drinking and high risk drinking behaviors, were culled and compared between Spring 2008 and Spring 2010 assessments.
Analyses showed a slight decrease in current drinking, and high risk drinking behaviors among CSUEB students after implementation of the Alcohol Wise program.
|Of those reported drinking…|
|Did something later regretted as a result of drinking||20.1%||21.9%|
|Experienced blackouts as a result of drinking||16.2%||18.5%|
|Had unprotected sex as a result of drinking||10.0%||11.4%|
|Physically injured yourself as a result of drinking||8.5%||8.3%|
|Physically injured another person as a result of drinking||2.2%||1.7%|
|*Defined as self-reported drinking in the past 30 days|
III. TOBACCO PREVENTION
At the California State University, East Bay (CSUEB) campus, our current policy states that smoking is not permitted within 20 feet of all building entrances, windows, and air intake structures. In Fall 2009, the Student Health Advisory Committee (SHAC) began assessing the effectiveness of the policy. Over the period of 3 quarters, SHAC implemented various assessment tools. A survey was administered to collect information about the campus community’s perspective of the smoking policy. With the help of student volunteers, an environmental scan was conducted to observe and record the behaviors of smoking on campus and frequency of compliance to the policy. Key informant interviews with various representatives of the campus community were conducted to also get perspectives on how the policy affects their respective areas.
In Summer 2010, SHAC was present at all New Student Orientation programs providing education and awareness about the Smoking Policy. Education continued into the Fall Quarter when SHAC marked the 20 foot zones around all the buildings on campus. The tape was partnered with signage explaining the purpose of the tape.
In November 2010, SHAC organized a program in observance of the Great American Smoke-out. A large canvas was posted outside of the University Union and members of the campus community were encouraged to write statements of how smoking has affected their lives. The California Youth Advocacy Network provided Quit Kits and other incentives for the event in addition to purchasing advertisement space to promote the event in the campus newspaper, The Pioneer. Lawn signs displaying facts about smoking and motivational messages were posted on the main laws of the University Union. More educational information was provided at the event through brochures and the presence of Smoking Cessation Counselors. With the financial sponsorship of Associated Students, Inc., SHAC provided snacks and purchase supplies for the event.
If students are interested in quitting smoking, they are referred to the Smoking Cessation Clinic run by the Health Promotion Department at Student Health & Counseling Services (SHCS). Health Educators are trained as Smoking Cessation Counselors by the American Lung Association. Individuals meet one-on-one with a Smoking Cessation Counselor over the period of 7 weeks to learn how to quit smoking and stay quit. This service is offered free to students.
According to the National College Health Assessment, there is a 13% rate of smoking among CSUEB students. This statistic is comparable to the smoking rate in the state of California.
At this time, there is no enforcement piece indicated in the policy. If the policy is broken by an individual, members of the campus community often report the incidents to the University Policy Department (UPD) and/or SHCS. If the individuals are still present when a member of UPD responds, they are given a warning and instructed to smoke in a permitted area.
Future plans include completion of the assessment by SHAC and proposing a policy that clarifies current discrepancies. Assessment tools include focus groups with students, faculty, and staff, both smokers and nonsmokers, and facilitating another environmental scan to compare the data from the previous year. Increasing education and awareness will also continue with hopes that a clearer policy will improve our efforts.
IV. PRESCRIPTION DRUG USE PREVENTION
CSU East Bay currently has no prevention program in place for prescription drug use.
V. CAMPUS ASSESSMENT
In May 2010, CSUEB participated in the biennial National College Health Assessment (NCHA) sponsored by the American College Health Association (ACHA). The purpose of the NCHA is to collect general health information to understand the current health status and health indicators of CSUEB students. Assessing the needs of the student population allows the Health Promotion Department of Student Health & Counseling Services to identify areas for improvement and tailor our health programs to better serve the campus community.
A stratified randomized sample of 8,000 students was selected from the registrar’s list of students enrolled for Winter Quarter. Institutional Research and Analysis generated the randomized stratified sample list. Sample characteristics were matched against those of the population to ensure representative sampling. Based on the last CSUEB assessment results in 2008, which showed an under-representation of male African-American students, Institutional Research and Analysis intentionally over-sampled this specific group in 2010.
An email was sent to the selected randomized sample of 8,000 students to invite them to participate in the online survey instrument provided by the NCHA. The NCHA covers six content areas: 1) health, health education and safety, 2) alcohol, tobacco, and drugs, 3) sex behavior, perceptions and contraception, 3) weight, nutrition, and exercise, 4) mental and physical health, 5) impediments to academic performance, and 6) demographics.
Students were offered non-cash incentives to participate. All participants who completed the survey received a $5 credit to their Bay Card, which serves as an identification, library, and debit card for students of CSU East Bay. All students who completed and submitted a survey had the opportunity to win an incentive in a randomized drawing. Randomized drawing prizes were a $50 CSUEB Bookstore gift card or Seagate 500 GB external hard drive.
Approximately 14,700 students attend California State University, East Bay. Based on the number of students served on campus, the number of responses needed for statistical significance for data analysis is approximately 650-750 students. A total of 1,598 students responded to the survey which constituted a 20% response rate.
Information gathered from the health assessment was compiled in a Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) database. Frequencies were the primary data measure, with additional reliance on cross-tabulation for comparison of data frequencies. These frequencies were compared to national level data conducted by NCHA-ACHA. This year, longitudinal analysis was unavailable because ACHA-NCHA changed the survey structure of the survey, however subsequent surveys conducted in the future can be used to compare to the data collected in Spring 2010. Current data will serve as baseline for future comparisons in the future.
Overall, the CSUEB student drinking rate (50.7%) is much lower than the national student drinking rate (65.1%). The primary reason is most likely because the average CSUEB student age (26.0 years) is higher than the national average college student age (22.36 years).
Some key findings include:
- 50.7% of CSUEB students currently drink, defined as those who reported using alcohol within the past month
Of those students who reported currently drinking…
- 17% of CSUEB underage students used alcohol within the past month
- 26.3% of CSUEB students reported driving a vehicle after drinking alcohol
- 12% of CSUEB students engaged in heavy episodic drinking 1-2 times in the past month*
*Heavy episodic drinking is defined as 5 or more drinks in one sitting in the past two weeks
Table 1 refers to sample characteristics of the students who responded to the survey compared to actual CSUEB student data. For more detailed results of the analyses conducted, please refer to Attachment A.
|Item||Category||NCHA Spring 2008 CSUEB (%)
|CSUEB Spring 2008 Enrollment (%)
|Year in School||Undergraduate||80.4||81.4|
|Hispanic or Latino||14.2||19.6|
|Asian or Pacific Islander||35.3||32.3|
IMPLICATIONS FOR PROGRAMMING
The 2010 NCHA health assessment revealed that CSUEB continues to undergo significant demographic changes as CSUEB accepts larger freshman cohorts with each passing year. The majority of students on campus now fall within the 18-25 year age. Data analysis shows that those most likely to engage in high risk drinking behavior are self-identified white undergraduate males. Based on the data analysis results, CSUEB has tried to implement multiple prevention approaches as recommended by the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIAAA). In Fall 2008, CSUEB implemented Alcohol Wise from 3rd Millennium Classrooms, which represents one of many efforts to promote a more comprehensive alcohol prevention program.
Alcohol Wise is an online alcohol abuse prevention course which educates students about the harmful effects of alcohol, raises retention rates, and acts as a prevention tool for future alcohol-related violations. Alcohol Wise also includes e-CHUG which is endorsed by Student Affairs Administrators in Higher Education (NAPSA). E-CHUG includes comparative social norms and encourages responsible behavior within the course and is non-confrontational and encourages students to make positive personal choices. Alcohol Wise also incorporates Pre and Post tests to provide important measurements of knowledge gained.
In addition to Alcohol Wise, CSUEB has launched Brief Alcohol Screening Intervention for College Students (BASICS) which is Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) and NASPA approved. Since its initiation, two students have gone through the program. Also CSUEB started Al-Anon and Alcoholics Anonymous Meetings on campus as a resource for students who might need group support.
As with every study, there were limitations with the NCHA assessment process. The data collected was based on self-report. Some students may have withheld the truth when filling out the survey or may have misinterpreted questions. Also some student groups were overrepresented and others underrepresented. For example, African American males were underrepresented.
VI. CSUEB ALCOHOL POLICY
The California State University, East Bay Alcohol and Other Drug (AOD) Policy contains information about University restrictions and standards which cover student, faculty, and staff conduct with respect to alcohol and other drugs, a description of health risks of such usage, a list of applicable legal sanctions under local, state, and federal law, a description of available counseling, treatment, and rehabilitation programs, and a clear statement of the disciplinary sanctions imposed by the institution on students, faculty, and staff. The CSUEB AOD was officially updated in June 2008 and released for distribution.
PROCEDURES FOR DISTRIBUTION OF AOD POLICY
Links to the policy can be found in the Course Catalog, and on the websites of Student Health & Counseling Services and the Office of Judicial Affairs.
Student-friendly information adapted from the policy (including directions on accessing the website) is also included within various outreach programs. Time is dedicated during freshman and new student orientations, and Student Club/Organization and Greek Life recognition renewal process to review the University AOD Policy. Students receive a post card with key information adapted from the policy, a link to the website for the full version, and personal protective behaviors to use while drinking alcohol. Details regarding the University AOD Policy are also printed in the Club and Organization Guidebook. Student Life and Leadership Programs and Associated Student, Inc. provide students with the CSUEB Student Handbook. The Handbook contains the Student Code of Conduct with reference to restrictions and prohibition of alcohol and other drug use. The handbook is available to all students in hard copy and on the CSUEB website. It is distributed during Orientation for new and transfer students, to residence students, and at various events throughout the academic year. Additionally, students in residence halls are reminded of rules and restrictions regarding alcohol usage in their license agreements.
The university has published excerpts of the campus AOD policy in the quarterly Schedule of Classes in previous years. As of Fall Quarter 2004, the schedule of classes was no longer published in hard copy form, but was available online. The AOD Policy will be included every quarter in the online schedule of classes.
Alcohol Wise also incorporates multiple links to the CSUEB AOD policy and other student health-related on-campus resources so all first-time freshmen would have access to pertinent information.
(1) Alcohol and drug education related grants
During the report period, the university did not receive grant funding for alcohol or drug education.
(2) Successful Program - “Thursday Night Takeover”
The “Thursday Night Takeover” (TNT) is a weekly program sponsored by Student Housing and Residence Life (SHRL) that occurs every Thursday night in the residence halls at 10:00 p.m. during the academic year, in collaboration with Student Life and Leadership Programs, the Residence Hall Association student club, Associated Students, Inc., Pioneer Athletics, Student Health & Counseling Services, a wide range of student clubs/organizations, and other campus partners. Designed to provide campus residents with fun, but safe alternatives to the Thursday night party/alcohol scene, examples of past TNT programs include talent showcases, poetry slams, glow-in-the-dark events, game tournaments, pool parties, on- and off-campus movies, and bowling events.
In 2009, it was determined that there was an increased number of marijuana and alcohol policy violations on Thursday nights in the residence halls, accompanied with a large number of residents leaving campus to “find the party scene.” In an attempt to address this concern, TNT was created. TNT’s objective is to provide safe alternatives to alcohol consumption and rival the party scene by encouraging students to stay on (or come to) campus for fun/stress relief, avoiding the use of drugs and alcohol on Thursday nights.
During TNT’s past five years of operations, there have been numerous staffing/planning models. Past planning committees have included a TNT coordinator, Resident Assistants, and Residence Life Coordinators. However, the planning model that seems to be most effective includes one TNT coordinator (an upper division student assistant), 4-6 TNT student assistants, and one graduate assistant supervisor to facilitate the coordination and planning process.
Staffing: TNT staffing primarily includes 5-7 student assistants and one graduate assistant, which report to the Assistant Director for Residence Life-Educational Development for overall guidance and support. Funding for the student assistants is provided by SHRL. Additional staffing and program resources are utilized by partnering with the Residence Hall Association (a student club/organization), other campus clubs/organizations (including Greek Life), Student Life and Leadership, ASI, and other campus departments.
Facilities: TNT programs are primarily located in residential community spaces (large meeting rooms, lounges, outdoor quad space, etc.). However, additional program locations have included the Student Union, Recreation & Wellness Center, campus lawns, the gymnasium, the campus pool, and local movie theatres and bowling alleys.
Budget: TNT’s budget consists of the following: staffing costs, advertisement costs, and programming costs/supplies. The annual budget for TNT is approximately $13,000. Approximately $6,500 is spent on staffing salaries; approximately $6,500 is spent on advertisement and programming supplies/costs.
TNT occurs every Thursday night during the academic year with the exception of breaks/holidays which means that there are 30 TNT each year. TNT intentionally begins at 10:00 p.m. Starting TNT any earlier than 10:00 p.m. still allows students to “party” after TNT instead of using it as an alternative to the party scene.
Overall, TNT’s target audience includes all residential students; however, most TNT events are open to all CSUEB students. More specifically though, TNT targets those students who fall in the “moveable middle.” We assume there are three types of students: those who will party no matter what, those who will never party, and those in the middle who will attend the party if there is no other competing option. Since the objective of TNT is to provide an alternative to the party scene, we specifically target the latter in the hopes that our event will sway students towards enjoying Thursday nights, drug/alcohol-free.
Number of Participants:
Participation greatly varies from event to event. Our largest TNT event each year draws between 400-500 students. Some small events draw as few as 10-20 people. Overall, our average attendance is generally 40 students. In total, over 2,100 attendees participated in TNT events during the 2013-2014 academic year.
- Students will be exposed to healthy alternatives to consuming drugs and/or alcohol and will be learn to adopt/incorporate these alternatives into their lives as a means of managing stress and social needs.
- Students will learn social skill building through low-risk participation.
- Through applied learning, student staff members will develop event planning, implementation, and assessment skills.
Participant surveys, program evaluations (completed by staff), and the conduct database are used to as instruments for collecting data. Conduct statistics are extracted to determine if there is an effect (positive or negative) on the frequency and severity of alcohol/drug related policy violations that are being documented on Thursday nights. Additionally, TNT participants self-report about personal enjoyment/development through completion of electronic and paper surveys following TNT events. Lastly, TNT staff complete a comprehensive program evaluation to discuss the outcomes of each event.
Four recommendations are discussed which are believed would strengthen the effectiveness of TNT:
- TNT Staffing - there is an opportunity to develop the TNT student assistant positions into paid internships that seek to enhance classroom learning by providing an opportunity for practical application. It is recommended that a connection be made with the academic department of Hospitality, Recreation, and Tourism so that this opportunity can be explored.
- Campus Collaboration - there are numerous untapped or under-utilized campus resources to connect with. It is recommended that TNT staff work to develop additional and stronger collaborations with other campus departments, clubs/orgs, and community partners.
- Better Marketing - the participation and resident survey results indicate that there is a need for better marketing. Most reported that the biggest deterrent from attending a TNT event was due to lack of knowledge that it was happening. It is recommended that multiple marketing methods be explored and adopted including the use of technology, additional marketing staff (word of mouth), and better/more timely printed advertisement.
- Better Assessment - it is recommended that a more comprehensive and reliable assessment plan be adopted. The use of innovative, effective and user friendly assessment methods should be explored and implemented consistently. The assessment criteria should align with the greater assessment needs of the Division of Student Affairs.
SHRL seeks to sustain the TNT program indefinitely. During the past five years that TNT has existed on the CSUEB campus, students consistently report that they greatly enjoy the weekly TNT events. Additionally, the department continues to experience a decreased number of drug and alcohol related incidents on Thursday nights. Due to the success, TNT remains a standing item on the yearly Housing budget. Future sustainability will rely on the TNT staff’s ability to continue to connect with other campus departments and student clubs and organizations through collaborative efforts. Additionally, in order to remain relevant, the TNT staff will need to offer innovative, creative, and dynamic programs that appeal to the changing interests of the student population.
Potential issues/factors that a campus should consider if contemplating replicating TNT include:
- Determine if there is a consistent night of the week when drug/alcohol incidents seem to be most frequent. Although CSUEB has chosen Thursday nights, recognize that the need could be different on another campus.
- Funding- Explore funding opportunities to support the operation. Potential funding could be gained through partnering with other clubs/orgs/departments. Additionally, explore funding opportunities from local businesses who may donate food and/or supplies. Lastly, to reduce staffing costs, consider if unpaid internships would be successful on another campus. Also explore the use of work-study student assistants.
- Staffing- Staff selection is very important. Desired qualities include attention to detail, sound administrative skills and follow-up, personable/able to speak to groups of people, good marking skills, solid technological ability, and good role modeling ability especially in terms of drug/alcohol use.
- Reliability- Much of the success of TNT is due to the reliability that every Thursday night at 10:00 PM, there is something fun happening on campus. If adopting this initiative, campuses should be committed to ensuring recurrence of events is at the same time and on the same day of each week.
(3) Campus Activities Related to Tobacco Use
During the report period, the university experienced several initiatives aimed at eliminating smoking on campus. Associated Students, Inc. took the most forward step but failed to complete a resolution to ban smoking. Instead they chose to sponsor a series of referendums that asked several questions about smoking on campus. The process did not provide a clear direction from the student leadership.
For the past two academic years (13/14 & 14/15,) we have had smoker-free RA staff and Residence Hall Association Executive Board.
The university ATOD Advisory Council has drafted a new smoking policy that bans all smoking on campus including electronic smoking. At present, the university is holding on advancing this new policy and awaiting CSU system wide directives regarding smoking and tobacco use.
Current CSUEB policy states: Smoking is prohibited in all buildings on campus. Smoking will be permitted outdoors unless otherwise posted because of the proximity of intake vents to buildings. This prohibition will apply to any area enclosed by the perimeter (outermost) walls of the building. Atriums, balconies, stairwells, and other similar building features are to be considered “within a building,” i.e.; entrance areas, Library breezeway, Science Building adjoining walkways, loading docks. Smoking will not be permitted within 20 feet of doorways and ground level air intake structures. All ashtrays and other appropriate smoking letter appliances will be provided and placed on the exterior premises of buildings on campus pursuant to the 20 feet requirement. All buildings on campus will have clearly displayed signage at all entrances/exits notifying campus personnel and the public that smoking is prohibited within the building and entrance areas.
Campus signage will read, “NO SMOKING IN THIS AREA” or, “NO SMOKING WITHIN 20
FEET OF BUILDING ENTRANCE” to convey a clear and unambiguous message. The
universal symbol will be used in conjunction with this written signage.
The university offers smoking cessation assistance and programs. Students are asked to complete or update their online health profile and make an appointment to develop their smoking cessation program.
Plans include continuing participation in the Great American Smokeout. Some of the participating organizations & activities include:
- Cancer Awareness Network - getting people to quit, quitting tips & quit kits
- Alpha Phi Omega Service Fraternity - 20' policy & ashtray education
- Alpha Kappa Alpha Sorority - outreach
- East Bay CSU Health Insurance Education Project - Covered CA Outreach
Thinking about quitting smoking?
Great American Smokeout
Thursday, November 21
Quit For Just One Day!
Need Quitting Resources?
Students and members of the university community will volunteer for the ALL Clear Cleanup organized by Student Health and Counseling Services to assist in cleaning up cigarette butts. This program will also offer a graphic image of the negative impact of cigarette butts on the campus (volume of butts and the locations). This effort will be included in the campus Earth Day activities.
(4) Campus Activities Related to Prescription Drug Use
CSUEB’s comprehensive program of alcohol and other drugs education combined with enforcement and sanctioning reflects compliance with the Drug-Free Schools and Communities Act (DFSCA) as articulated in the U.S. Education Department General Administration Regulations (EDGAR) Part 86-the Drug-Free Schools and Campuses Regulations. This comprehensive program is based on clear theory and firm practice. The program will continue to undergo timely and thorough review to ensure continued effectiveness.
Alcohol and other drug abuse contribute to personal health problems, diminish the overall quality of campus life, and impair the occupational and educational abilities of staff and students. The negative impact of substance abuse is often felt in the broader community as well. CSUEB is committed to creating and maintaining a safe and healthy learning environment for all members of the campus community. In keeping with this commitment, the goal of our ATOD Advisory Council is to educate the campus community about alcohol and other drugs and prevent and reduce problems associated with alcohol and other drugs by CSUEB students, faculty, and staff. Particular attention is made to decreasing the amount of high risk drinking behaviors and the potential harm caused by such behaviors as well as to decrease the amount of drug usage (particularly marijuana) and the potential harm cause by such usage.
The CSUEB University Police Department and the Drug Enforcement Administration gave the university community and the general public opportunities to dispose of unused and expired prescription drugs and medications thus helping to prevent pill abuse and theft when such items are removed from homes.
This initiative addresses a vital public safety and public health issue. Studies show that a majority of abused prescription drugs are obtained from family and friends, including from the home medicine cabinet. In addition, we are now advised that their usual methods for disposing of unused medicines—flushing them down the toilet or throwing them in the trash—both pose potential safety and health hazards.
(5) Assessment Activities
Assessment and evaluation are conducted for most alcohol and other drug events and activities through a series of pre-test and post-test questionnaires. Impact evaluations indicate a short-term change in program participants’ knowledge and/or behavior surrounding alcohol and other drug issues immediately after the program has been completed. Process evaluations assess the short-term outcomes pertaining to the function of the program. This data illustrates the quality of the event such as the number of participants or student satisfaction. Students rate the health topic, style of the program, and quality of the speakers.
Additional assessment and evaluation initiatives include:
- AlcoholEdu - AlcoholEdu is a web-based alcohol education program that is recognized nationally for its effectiveness. CSUEB started using this program for the 2013-14 year. This program combines the latest prevention techniques and research to educate students about the impact of alcohol. Content learned through AlcoholEdu can help students make informed decisions about alcohol and better handle drinking behavior that may occur around them. (CSUEB had used Alcohol Wise).
Notes from the data indicate 23% overall knowledge change by our students (from a pre-assessment 56% to a post-assessment 79%) with increases in all categories: alcohol knowledge, physiological effects, risk reduction (the largest knowledge change was for this category), understanding the influence of alcohol, and factors influencing drinking behavior. Students further reported that the program prepared them to prevent an alcohol overdose (86%), help someone who may have alcohol poisoning (90%), establish a plan ahead of time to make responsible decisions about drinking (87%), change their drinking behavior (60%) and change their perceptions of other’s drinking behavior (71%). Among the 46% of high risk drinkers (77 students) who saw “no need to change the way they drink” before taking AlcoholEdu, 55% (41 students) indicated their readiness to change after completing the course.
- American College Health Assessment-National College Health Assessment (ACHA-NCHA II) – CSUEB has used the ACHA-NCHA to evaluate campus-wide alcohol prevention initiatives since 2001. The purpose of ACHA-NCHA is to collect general health information to understand the current health status and health behavior trends of CSUEB students, which include alcohol, tobacco, and other drug use on campus.
ACHA initiated the original ACHA-NCHA in 2000 and the instrument was used nationwide through the spring 2008 data collection period. The ACHA-NCHA now provides the largest known comprehensive data set on the health of college students, providing the college health and higher education fields with a vast spectrum of information on student health. The revised survey, the ACHA-NCHA-II, was developed following a thorough pilot testing process. Although the general categories of information for which data are collected remain the same between the original ACHA-NCHA and this revised survey, a number of questions have been modified, and new questions have been added to monitor a variety of health constructs. Specific revisions include updated lists of illegal drugs, contraceptive methods, and vaccines. New items have been added to capture sleep behaviors, self-injury, the use/abuse of prescription drugs and additional mental health issues. CSUEB was one of 139 higher education institutions who participated in the NCHA-ACHA study in 2014, so that CSUEB may compare how their student risk compares with college students at the national level. Assessing the needs of the student population allows the Health Promotion Department of Student Health & Counseling Services to evaluate and identify areas for improvement and tailor health programs to better serve the campus community.
(6) Highlighted Program/Accomplishment
“Blurred Lines/Wanna Party?” Sexual Assault Awareness & Bystander Intervention Program
Since the Fall of 2013, members of the Greek Life community (fraternities and sororities) and athletes have been required to attend the “Blurred Lines/Wanna Party?” (BL/WP) workshop, a collaborative sexual assault awareness and bystander intervention program developed by campus professionals in SLLP, Student Housing and Residence Life, and Student Health and Counseling Services and the University Police Department. The program was also presented in select Freshman General Studies courses.
Blurred Lines is a Power-Based Personal Violence Education Program. Personal violence is a form of violence in which someone uses power, control or intimidation in order to harm another. This includes partner violence, sexual assault, stalking, and other uses of force, threat, intimidation, or harassment. It can include the use of alcohol or drugs to commit any of these acts. These acts can be committed by strangers, friends, acquaintances, intimates, and other persons.
"Wanna Party?" is an alcohol education program that addresses the question, “How do you party without the drama?” Students learn how alcohol affects the body and the basics about alcohol education to party safely. They also learn how to prevent a hangover or throwing up, drug interactions, and how to help your friends.
BL/WP was designed to help student leaders to identify their own values and boundaries, and the tools to communicate them; be able to discuss and identify rape culture in society and from each individual’s world view; and learn skills and the protocol to be an effective bystander.
Assessment data from the program reflected that of the 431 student participants between Fall 2013 and Spring 2014:
- 75.1% reported learning new information about rape culture
- 78.7% reported learning new information about sexual assault
- 73.6% reported learning more about themselves, their values and their boundaries
- 89.5% reported feeling more comfortable talking to their partner about their sexual boundaries
- 93.5% reported that the program increased their likelihood to intervene with a potential sexual assault situation
- 93.5% thought a bystander can be a leader