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Derek F Kimball Faculty Profile

Photo of Derek Kimball

Derek  F  Kimball

Professor

Department of Physics

Prof. Derek F. Jackson Kimball uses techniques of experimental atomic physics and nonlinear optics for precision tests of the fundamental laws of physics.  In particular, his research focuses on searches for exotic spin-dependent interactions that may have a connection to dark matter or dark energy.

Prof. Jackson Kimball established the first externally funded physics research program in the history of California State University – East Bay. He has mentored over sixty undergraduate students in his research laboratory. Twenty of those students have gone on to graduate physics programs, and three of his students have been awarded National Science Foundation Graduate Research Fellowships.

Prof. Jackson Kimball received his Ph.D. in 2005 from the University of California at Berkeley under the mentorship of Prof. Dmitry Budker, where he studied nonlinear magneto-optical rotation and its application to precision measurement of atomic spin precession. Prof. Jackson Kimball is the co-author of Atomic Physics: an exploration through problems and solutions (Oxford University Press, 2008), Optical Magnetometry (Cambridge University Press, 2013), and over 50 peer-reviewed research articles. 

Prof. Jackson Kimball served as the Chair of the California State University – East Bay Department of Physics from 2011-14 and also during 2016. 

He was California State University – East Bay’s 2011-12 George and Miriam Phillips Outstanding Professor.

Prof. Jackson Kimball uses techniques of experimental atomic physics and nonlinear optics for precision tests of the fundamental laws of physics.  In particular, his research focuses on searches for exotic spin-dependent interactions that may have a connection to dark matter or dark energy.

An experiment carried out at Cal State East Bay to search for a spin-gravity coupling of the proton improved constraints on such effects by three orders-of-magnitude. Related projects with several different collaborators have established the most stringent constraints on exotic dipole-dipole interactions of electrons, neutrons, and protons at the atomic scale.

Prof. Jackson Kimball is a co-inventor of the Global Network of Optical Magnetometers to search for Exotic physics (GNOME) and is presently acting as the GNOME collaboration’s scientific coordinator. The GNOME is specifically sensitive to transient effects that could arise if the Earth passed through a compact dark-matter object such as an axion "star" or domain wall.

He is also the scientific coordinator of the Cosmic Axion Spin Precession Experiment (CASPEr), an experiment that uses the techniques of nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) to search for signatures of oscillating ultralight dark matter fields.

Prof. Jackson Kimball along with colleagues Alex Sushkov and Dmitry Budker, predicted that micron-scale ferromagnetic needles would precess in sufficiently small magnetic fields. Devices based on such precessing ferromagnetic needles enable rapid averaging of quantum uncertainty in spin precession measurements, a development that could potentially improve sensitivity to exotic physics by many orders of magnitude.

  • 1998 B.A. (Physics and Mathematics), University of California at Berkeley
  • 2002 M.S. (Physics), University of California at Berkeley
  • 2005 Ph.D. (Physics), University of California at Berkeley
Fall Semester 2018
Course #SecCourse TitleDaysFromToLocationCampusTextbook Info
PHYS 13501Physics for Scientists IMWF9:00AM9:50AMMI-2032Hayward Campus View Books
PHYS 350IAQuantum Mechanics IARRARRHayward Campus View Books
PHYS 48002Advanced Laboratory IIIW1:15PM2:05PMSC-N236Hayward Campus View Books
PHYS 4802AAdvanced Laboratory IIIMW2:15PM4:45PMSC-N236Hayward Campus View Books

Books

Dmitry Budker, Derek F. Kimball, and David P. DeMille. Atomic Physics: an exploration through problems and solutions. (Oxford University Press, Oxford, 2004).

Dmitry Budker, Derek F. Kimball, and David P. DeMille. Atomic Physics: an exploration through problems and solutions (2nd Edition). (Oxford University Press, Oxford, 2008).

Dmitry Budker and Derek F. Jackson Kimball, eds. Optical Magnetometry. (Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 2013).

Selected Articles

1. D. Budker, D. F. Kimball, S. M. Rochester, and V. V. Yashchuk. Nonlinear magneto-optics and reduced group velocity of light in atomic vapor with slow ground state relaxation. Phys. Rev. Lett. 83(9), 1767-70 (1999).

2. D. F. Kimball, D. Clyde, D. Budker, D. DeMille, S. J. Freedman, S. Rochester, J. E. Stalnaker, and M. Zolotorev. Collisional perturbation of states in atomic ytterbium by helium and neon. Phys. Rev. A 60(2), 1103-11 (1999).

3. A.-T. Nguyen, D. Brown, D. Budker, D. DeMille, D. F. Kimball, and M. Zolotorev. Search for parity nonconservation in atomic dysprosium. In Parity Violation in Atoms and Electron Scattering. Edited by B. Frois and M.-A. Bouchiat (World Scientific, New York, 1999).

4. D. Budker, D. F. Kimball, S. M. Rochester, and V. V. Yashchuk. Nonlinear Magneto-optical Rotation via Alignment-to-Orientation Conversion. Phys. Rev. Lett. 85(10), 2088-91 (2000).

5. D. Budker, D. F. Kimball, S. M. Rochester, V. V. Yashchuk, and M. Zolotorev. Sensitive Magnetometry based on nonlinear magneto-optical rotation. Phys. Rev. A 62(4), 043403 (2000).

6. S. M. Rochester, D. S. Hsiung, D. Budker, R. Y. Chiao, D. F. Kimball, and V. V. Yashchuk. Self-rotation of resonant elliptically polarized light in collision-free rubidium vapor. Phys. Rev. A 63(4), 043814 (2001).

7. D. F. Kimball. Parity-nonconserving optical rotation on the 6s6p 3P0 - 6s6p 1P1 transition in atomic ytterbium. Phys. Rev. A 63(5), 052113 (2001).

8. B. DeBoo, D. F. Kimball, C.-H. Li, and D. Budker. Multichannel conical emission and parametric and nonparametric nonlinear optical processes in ytterbium vapor. J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 18(5), 639 (2001).

9. D. Budker, D. F. Kimball, S. M. Rochester, and V. V. Yashchuk. Nonlinear electro- and magneto-optical effects related to Bennett structures. Phys. Rev. A 65(3), 033401 (2002).

10. D. F. Kimball, D. Budker, D. English, C.-H. Li, A.-T. Nguyen, S. M. Rochester, A. Sushkov, V. V. Yashchuk, and M. Zolotorev. Progress towards fundamental symmetry tests with nonlinear optical rotation. In Art and Symmetry in Experimental Physics. American Institute of Physics Conference Proceedings, no.596, edited by D. Budker, P. H. Bucksbaum, and S. J. Freedman (American Institute of Physics, New York, 2001), pp.84-107.

11. D. S. English, D. F. Kimball, C.-H. Li, A.-T. Nguyen, S. M. Rochester, J. E. Stalnaker, V. V. Yashchuk, D. Budker, S. J. Freedman, and M. Zolotorev. Atomic Tests of Discrete Symmetries at Berkeley. In Art and Symmetry in Experimental Physics. American Institute of Physics Conference Proceedings, no.596, edited by D. Budker, P. H. Bucksbaum, and S. J. Freedman (American Institute of Physics, New York, 2001), pp.108-119.

12. D. Budker, D. F. Kimball, V. V. Yashchuk, and M. Zolotorev. Nonlinear magneto-optical rotation with frequency-modulated light. Phys. Rev. A 65(5), 055403 (2002).

13. E. B. Alexandrov, M. V. Balabas, D. Budker, D. English, D. F. Kimball, C.-H. Li, and V. V. Yashchuk. Light-induced desorption of alkali-metal atoms from paraffin coating. Phys. Rev. A 66(4), 042903 (2002).

14. A. B. Matsko, I. Novikova, G. R. Welch, D. Budker, D. F. Kimball, and S. M. Rochester. Vacuum squeezing in atomic media via self-rotation. Phys. Rev. A 66(4), 043815 (2002).

15. D. Budker, W. Gawlik, D. F. Kimball, S. M. Rochester, V. V. Yashchuk, and A. Weis. Resonant nonlinear magneto-optical effects in atoms. Rev. Mod. Physics 74(4), 1153-1201 (2002).

16. D. Budker, D. F. Kimball, S. M. Rochester, and J. T. Urban. Alignment-to-orientation conversion and nuclear quadrupole resonance. Chem. Phys. Lett. 378(3-4), 440-448 (2003).

17. V. V. Yashchuk, D. Budker, W. Gawlik, D. F. Kimball, Yu. P. Malakyan, and S. M. Rochester. Selective Addressing of High-Rank Polarization Moments. Phys. Rev. Lett. 90(25), 253001 (2003).

18. Yu. P. Malakyan, S. M. Rochester, D. Budker, D. F. Kimball, and V. V. Yashchuk. Nonlinear magneto-optical rotation of frequency-modulated light resonant with a low-J transition. Phys. Rev. A 69(1), 013817 (2004).

19. V. V. Yashchuk, J. Granwehr, D. F. Kimball, S. M. Rochester, A. H. Trabesinger, J. T. Urban, D. Budker, and A. Pines. Hyperpolarized Xenon Nuclear Spins Detected by Optical Atomic Magnetometry. Phys. Rev. Lett. 93(16), 160801 (2004).

20. M. Auzinsh, D. Budker, D. F. Kimball, S. M. Rochester, J. E. Stalnaker, A. O. Sushkov, and V. V. Yashchuk. Can a quantum nondemolition measurement improve the sensitivity of an atomic magnetometer? Phys. Rev. Lett. 93(17), 173002 (2004).

21. E. B. Alexandrov, M. Auzinsh, D. Budker, D. F. Kimball, S. M. Rochester, and V. V. Yashchuk. Dynamic effects in nonlinear magneto-optics of atoms and molecules. J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 22(1), 7-20 (2005).

22. D. Budker, L. Hollberg, D. F. Kimball, J. Kitching, S. Pustelny, and V. V. Yashchuk. Microwave transitions and nonlinear magneto-optical rotation in anti-relaxation-coated cells. Phys. Rev. A 71, 012903 (2005).

23. M. T. Graf, D. F. Kimball, S. M. Rochester, K. Kerner, C. Wong, D. Budker, E. B. Alexandrov, and M. V. Balabas. Relaxation of atomic polarization in paraffin-coated cesium vapor cells. Phys. Rev. A 72, 023401 (2005).

24. S. Pustelny, D. F. Jackson Kimball, S. M. Rochester, V. V. Yashchuk, W. Gawlik, and D. Budker. Pump-Probe nonlinear magneto-optical rotation with frequency-modulated light. Phys. Rev. A 73, 023817 (2006).

25. V. Acosta, M. P. Ledbetter, S. M. Rochester, D. Budker, D. F. Jackson Kimball, D. C. Hovde, W. Gawlik, S. Pustelny, and J. Zachorowski. Nonlinear magneto-optical rotation with frequency-modulated light in the geophysical field range. Phys. Rev. A 73, 053404 (2006).

26. S. Pustelny, D. F. Jackson Kimball, S. M. Rochester, V. V. Yashchuk, and D. Budker. Influence of magnetic-field inhomogeneity on nonlinear magneto-optical resonances. Phys. Rev. A 74, 063406 (2006).

27. S. Pustelny, S. M. Rochester, D. F. Jackson Kimball, V. V. Yashchuk, D. Budker, and W. Gawlik. Nonlinear magneto-optical rotation with modulated light in tilted magnetic fields. Phys. Rev. A 74, 063420 (2006).

28. V. M. Acosta, M. Auzinsh, W. Gawlik, P. Grisins, J. M. Higbie, Derek F. Jackson Kimball, L. Krzemien, M. P. Ledbetter, S. Pustelny, S. M. Rochester, V. V. Yashchuk, and D. Budker. Production and detection of atomic hexadecapole at Earth's magnetic field. Optics Express 16(15), 11423 (2008).

30. T. Karaulanov, M. T. Graf, D. English, S. M. Rochester, Y. Rosen, K. Tsigutkin, D. Budker, M. V. Balabas, D. F. Jackson Kimball, F. A. Narducci, S. Pustelny, V. V. Yashchuk. Controlling atomic vapor density in paraffin-coated cells using light-induced atomic desorption. Phys. Rev. A 79, 012902 (2009).

31. D. F. Jackson Kimball, Khoa Nguyen, K. Ravi, Arijit Sharma, Vaibhav S. Prabhudesai, S. A. Rangwala, V. V. Yashchuk, M. V. Balabas, and D. Budker. Electric-field-induced change of alkali-metal vapor density in paraffin-coated cells. Phys. Rev. A 79, 032901 (2009).

32. D. F. Jackson Kimball, L. R. Jacome, Srikanth Guttikonda, Eric J. Bahr, and Lok Fai Chan. Magnetometric sensitivity optimization for nonlinear optical rotation with frequency-modulated light: Rb D2 line. J. of Appl. Phys. 106, 063113 (2009).

33. V. M. Acosta, A. Jarmola, D. Windes, E. Corsini, M. P. Ledbetter, T. Karaulanov, M. Auzinsh, S. A. Rangwala, D. F. Jackson Kimball, and D. Budker. Rubidium dimers in paraffin-coated cells. New Journal of Physics 12, 083054 (2010).

34. S. J. Seltzer, D. J. Michalak, M. H. Donaldson, M. V. Balabas, S. K. Barber, S. L. Bernasek, M.-A. Bouchiat, A. Hexemer, A. M. Hibberd, D. F. Jackson Kimball, C. Jaye, T. Karaulanov, F. A. Narducci, S. A. Rangwala, H. G. Robinson, A. K. Shmakov, D. L. Voronov, V. V. Yashchuk, A. Pines, and D. Budker. Investigation of Anti-Relaxation Coatings for Alkali-Metal Vapor Cells Using Surface Science Techniques. J. Chem. Phys. 133, 144703 (2010).

35. D. F. Jackson Kimball, Alec Boyd, and D. Budker. Constraints on anomalous spin-spin interactions from spin-exchange collisions. Phys. Rev. A 82, 062714 (2010).

36. J. E. Stalnaker, S. L. Chen, M. E. Rowan, K. Nguyen, T. Pradhananga, C. A. Palm, and D. F. Jackson Kimball. Velocity-selective direct frequency-comb spectroscopy of atomic vapors. Phys. Rev. A 86, 033832 (2012).

37. M. Pospelov, S. Pustelny, M. P. Ledbetter, D. F. Jackson Kimball, W. Gawlik, and D. Budker. Detecting Domain Walls of Axionlike Models Using Terrestrial Experiments. Phys. Rev. Lett. 110, 021803 (2013).

38. M. P. Ledbetter, M. V. Romalis, and D. F. Jackson Kimball. Constraints on Short-Range Spin-Dependent Interactions from Scalar Spin-Spin Coupling in Deuterated Molecular Hydrogen. Phys. Rev. Lett. 110, 040402 (2013).

39. D. F. Jackson Kimball, E. B. Alexandrov, and D. Budker. General principles and characteristics of optical magnetometers. In Optical Magnetometry, edited by D. Budker and D. F. Jackson Kimball (Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 2013), pp. 3-24.

40. D. F. Jackson Kimball, S. Pustelny, V. V. Yashchuk, and D. Budker. Optical magnetometry with modulated light. In Optical Magnetometry, edited by D. Budker and D. F. Jackson Kimball (Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 2013), pp. 104-124.

41. D. F. Jackson Kimball, S. K. Lamoreaux, and T. E. Chupp. Tests of fundamental physics with optical magnetometers. In Optical Magnetometry, edited by D. Budker and D. F. Jackson Kimball (Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 2013), pp. 339-368.

42. Derek F. Jackson Kimball, Ian Lacey, Julian Valdez, Jerlyn Swiatlowski, Cesar Rios, Rodrigo Peregrina-Ramirez, Caitlin Montcrieffe, Jackie Kremer, Jordan Dudley, and C. Sanchez. A dual-isotope rubidium comagnetometer to search for anomalous long-range spin-mass (spin-gravity) couplings of the proton. Annalen der Physik 525(7), 514–528 (2013).

43. Szymon Pustelny, Derek F. Jackson Kimball, Chris Pankow, Micah P. Ledbetter, Przemyslaw Wlodarczyk, Piotr Wcislo, Maxim Pospelov, Joshua R. Smith, Jocelyn Read, Wojciech Gawlik, and Dmitry Budker. The Global Network of Optical Magnetometers for Exotic physics (GNOME): A novel scheme to search for physics beyond the Standard Model. Annalen der Physik 525(8-9), 659–670 (2013).

44. Derek F. Jackson Kimball. Nuclear spin content and constraints on exotic spin-dependent couplings. New J. of Physics 17, 073008 (2015).

45. Shlomi Kotler, Roee Ozeri, and Derek F. Jackson Kimball. Constraints on Exotic Dipole-Dipole Couplings between Electrons at the Micrometer Scale. Phys. Rev. Lett. 115, 081801 (2015).

46. Dmitry Budker and Derek F. Jackson Kimball. Paper Craft. Nature 529, 427 (2016).

47. Derek F. Jackson Kimball, Alexander O. Sushkov, and Dmitry Budker. Precessing Ferromagnetic Needle Magnetometer. Phys. Rev. Lett. 116, 190801 (2016).

48. D. F. Jackson Kimball, J. Dudley, Y. Li, S. Thulasi, S. Pustelny, D. Budker, and M. Zolotorev. Magnetic shielding and exotic spin-dependent interactions. Phys. Rev. D 94, 082005 (2016).

49. Filip Ficek, Derek F Jackson Kimball, Mikhail G Kozlov, Nathan Leefer, Szymon Pustelny, and Dmitry Budker. Constraints on exotic spin-dependent interactions between electrons from helium fine-structure spectroscopy. Phys. Rev. A 95, 032505 (2017).

50. Derek F. Jackson Kimball, Jordan Dudley, Yan Li, and Dilan Patel. In situ measurement of light polarization with ellipticity-induced nonlinear magneto-optical rotation. Phys. Rev. A 96, 033823 (2017).

51. Derek F. Jackson Kimball, Jordan Dudley, Yan Li, Dilan Patel, and Julian Valdez. Constraints on long-range spin-gravity and monopole-dipole couplings of the proton. Phys. Rev. D 96, 075004 (2017).

52. Tao Wang, Derek F. Jackson Kimball, Alexander O. Sushkov, Deniz Aybas, John W. Blanchard, Gary Centers, Sean R. O’ Kelley, Arne Wickenbrock, Jiancheng Fang, and Dmitry Budker. Application of spin-exchange relaxation-free magnetometry to the Cosmic Axion Spin Precession Experiment. Physics of the Dark Universe 19, 27 (2018).

53. A. Garcon, D. Aybas, J. Blanchard, G. Centers, N. Figueroa, P. W. Graham, D. F. Kimball, S. Rajendran, M. G. Sendra, and A. Sushkov. The Cosmic Axion Spin Precession Experiment (CASPEr): a dark-matter search with nuclear magnetic resonance. Quantum Science and Technology 3, 014008 (2018).

54. D. F. Jackson Kimball, Viewpoint: Spin Gyroscope is Ready to Look for New Physics. Physics 11, 5 (2018).

55. D. F. Jackson Kimball, D. Budker, J. Eby, M. Pospelov, S. Pustelny, T. Scholtes, Y. V. Stadnik, A. Weis, and A. Wickenbrock, Searching for axion stars and Q-balls with a terrestrial magnetometer network. Phys. Rev. D 97, 043002 (2018).

56. Filip Ficek, Pavel Fadeev, Victor V. Flambaum, Derek F. Jackson Kimball, Mikhail G. Kozlov, Yevgeny V. Stadnik, and Dmitry Budker, Constraints on Exotic Spin-Dependent Interactions Between Matter and Antimatter from Antiprotonic Helium Spectroscopy. Phys. Rev. Lett. 120, 183002 (2018).

57. M.S. Safranova, D. Budker, D. DeMille, D. F. Jackson Kimball, A. Derevianko, and C.W. Clark, Search for new physics with atoms and molecules. Rev. Mod. Phys. 90, 025008 (2018).

58. Teng Wu, John W. Blanchard, Derek F. Jackson Kimball, Min Jiang, and Dmitry Budker, Nuclear-Spin Comagnetometer Based on a Liquid of Identical Molecules. Phys. Rev. Lett. 121, 023202 (2018).

Amherst College, University of California at Berkeley, Argonne National Laboratory, University of Michigan, California State University – East Bay, Contra Costa College, California State University – Fullerton, California State University – San Marcos, Foothill College, Harvard University, Princeton University, International Centre for Theoretical Physics (ICTP) [Italy], Raman Research Institute [India], Korean Advanced Institute for Science and Technology (KAIST), Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Johannes Gutenberg University [Germany], Helmholtz Institute – Mainz [Germany], Fribourg University [Switzerland], Jagiellonian University [Poland], San Francisco State University, San Jose State University, Stanford University, University of California at Los Angeles (UCLA), University of Nevada at Reno, University of San Francisco, University of California at Merced, Universitat Stuttgart [Germany], Brookhaven National Laboratory, Perimeter Institute [Canada], Gordon Research Conference, DAMOP.

RUI: Search for a spin-gravity coupling using laser-addressed atomic gyroscopes, National Science Foundation ($254,150 over 3 years, 2007-10).

Major Research Instrumentation, Recovery and Re-investment: Acquisition of a Femtosecond Optical Frequency Comb and THz Spectrometer for Atomic, Molecular and Condensed Matter Spectroscopy, National Science Foundation ($393,388 over 1 year, 2010-2011).

RUI: Search for Anomalous Proton Spin Interactions with A Dual-Isotope Rubidium Magnetometer, National Science Foundation ($309,514 over 3 years, 2010-13).

RUI: Search for Anomalous Spin Interactions with Atomic Comagnetometers, National Science Foundation ($299,917 over 4 years, 2013-17).

The Cosmic Axion Spin Precession Experiment, Simons and Heising-Simons Foundations ($457,343 over 5 years, 2015-2020).

Collaborative Research (RUI): Search for Exotic Transient Spin-dependent Signals from Ultralight Dark Matter Fields, National Science Foundation ($306,048 over 3 years, 2017-2020).

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