Frequently Asked Questions
Smoke and tobacco-free campus policies protect the health and safety of students, faculty, staff, and visitors by eliminating secondhand smoke on campus. Everyone will breathe easier, and this will assure equal access for individuals most vulnerable to the effects of secondhand smoke exposure, such as those with asthma and allergies. Additionally, by adopting a 100 percent smoke and tobacco-free policy, CSUEB will:
- Promote clean air, a healthy environment, and healthy behavior choices
- Save money and staff time spent cleaning cigarette litter by eliminating butts and other tobacco waste on campus
- Prepare students for smoke and tobacco-free work environments (e.g., hospitals, K-12 schools, etc.)
- Prevent students from initiating smoking
- Encourage tobacco users to quit or decrease use
- Support those who have already quit using tobacco
"Smoke Free" means the use of cigarettes, pipes, cigars, and other "smoke" emanating products including e-cigarettes, vapor devices and other like products are prohibited on all university properties. "Tobacco Free" means the use of cigarettes, pipes, cigars, smokeless tobacco, snuffs, and other tobacco products are prohibited on all university properties.
The new smoke- and tobacco-free campus policy at CSUEB applies to all university spaces indoor and outdoor, including parking lots and private residential space. The new policy applies to all CSUEB facilities, whether owned, leased or rented by the university or one of its auxiliaries. Also included are vehicles owned, leased or rented by the university or one of the university's auxiliaries. Private vehicles on university-owned, leased or rented land or in university-owned, leased or rented parking structures will also be subject to compliance with Executive Order 1108. California state law already prohibits smoking in all indoor areas within 20 feet of public buildings (including colleges and universities) and in all state-owned vehicles.
This policy bans both smoking and tobacco products. "Smoke" or "Smoking" means inhaling, exhaling, burning or carrying any lighted or heated cigar, cigarette, cigarillo, pipe, hookah, or any other lighted or heated tobacco or plant product intended for inhalation, whether natural or synthetic, in any manner or in any form. "Smoke" or "Smoking" also includes the use of an electronic smoking device that creates an aerosol or vapor, in any manner or in any form, or the use of any oral smoking device for the purpose of circumventing the prohibition of smoking.
"Tobacco Product" means:
- A product containing, made or derived from tobacco or nicotine that is intended for human consumption, whether smoked, heated, chewed, absorbed, dissolved, inhaled, snorted, sniffed, or ingested by any other means, including, but not limited to cigarettes, cigars, little cigars, chewing tobacco, pipe tobacco, and snuff.
- An electronic device that delivers nicotine or other vaporized liquids to the person inhaling from the device, including, but not limited to, an electronic cigarette, cigar, pipe, or hookah.
- Any component, part, accessory of a tobacco product, whether or not sold separately.
- "Tobacco Product" does not include a product that has been approved by the United States Food and Drug Administration for sale as a tobacco cessation product or for other therapeutic purposes where the product is marketed and sold solely for such an approved purpose.
Tobacco is the leading cause of preventable and premature death, accounting for an estimated 443,000 American deaths (or one out of every five deaths) in the United States each year. In order to counter the negative effects of tobacco on the college population, the American College Health Association (ACHA) has recommended that all colleges and universities adopt a 100 percent tobacco-free campus policy.
Furthermore, the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services has created a Tobacco-Free College Campus Initiative to promote and support the adoption and implementation of tobacco-free policies at institutions of higher learning. As of January 2014, approximately 1,182 colleges in the United States are 100 percent smoke-free. Of those, 811 campuses are 100 percent tobacco-free.
In California, an increased number of public colleges are going completely tobacco-free. In January 2012, the University of California (UC) Office of the President announced that all UC-owned property would be completely tobacco-free by January 2014. More recently, the California State University (CSU) Office of the Chancellor approved Executive Order 1108 — a policy on smoke and tobacco-free environments. Additionally, in 2013 the Health Services Association of California Community Colleges introduced A White Paper on Tobacco Prevention and Control on the California Community Colleges to support the efforts of individual campuses and districts in adopting tobacco-free policies.
- In California, 102 public colleges and universities have significantly stronger policies than California State Law (no smoking within 20 feet of buildings).
- The University of California system, including 10 educational campuses and five medical hospitals, became 100 percent tobacco-free as of January 1, 2014 (including e-cigarettes and other nicotine products not regulated by the Food and Drug Administration FDA).
- Nationally, approximately 1,182 colleges are 100 percent smoke-free, including large universities such as the University of Kentucky, University of Michigan and the University of Oregon.
- Currently, 811 colleges are 100 percent tobacco-free, a sharp increase from 75 colleges in late 2008.
- Colleges with policies allowing smoking only in designated areas or parking lots are transitioning to 100 percent tobacco-free policies.
- Colleges are increasingly considering "tobacco-free" policies over "smoke-free" policies to prevent the increase of smokeless tobacco use on campus.
- College campuses, as well as cities and counties across the state, are updating the policy definitions of "smoking" to include the operation of electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) and "smoke" to include vapor emitted from e-products.
The adoption of a 100 percent smoke and tobacco-free policy promotes the health and well-being of everyone on campus, including employees. Currently, individuals who work in outdoor areas are not provided with the same level of protection to secondhand smoke as those working indoors. A 100 percent smoke and tobacco-free policy will provide equal protection to everyone on campus. Additionally, the new policy may support those smokers who would like to quit, as well as those individuals who have already quit smoking.
No. There is no Constitutional right to smoke or use tobacco. Tobacco users are not a category protected under the Equal Protection Clause of the Constitution, nor is tobacco use a protected liberty right under the Due Process clause of the Constitution.
Designated smoking areas have many disadvantages. A study from Stanford University found that in outdoor designated areas with multiple smokers, levels of toxic air contaminants from secondhand smoke may be the same or higher than indoors, therefore, creating a hazardous environment to individuals standing in or around these areas.
Additionally, secondhand smoke is proven to travel outside of designated areas; distance depends on wind strength and direction. Designated areas have also been found to encourage tobacco use by creating a social environment for daily and non-daily tobacco users. By increasing the number of individuals smoking in one area, students are more likely to believe that more people smoke than actually do. This misperception affects the norm of smoking on campus and may also contribute to increased tobacco use. Finally, designated areas are often heavily littered and smell of toxic tobacco waste.
To date, more than 600 colleges throughout the United States have successfully adopted 100 percent smoke-free policies.
The new policy will prohibit the use of all tobacco products in all university spaces indoor and outdoor, including parking lots and private residential space. The policy does not include any area outside of these boundaries.
Students can find help to stop smoking at CSUEB's Student Health Center. Employee health providers each have their own cessation programs.
The university is aware that nicotine is a highly addictive drug and simply waiting until a long break between classes, lunchtime or after work will be difficult for some. Some may decide to use nicotine replacement products such as gum or lozenges for times that are inconvenient to smoke.
Possession of a valid medical marijuana card does not permit possession or use of marijuana in campus residential facilities (e.g. apartments and residence halls) or on university property. CSUEB, under Title IV, Part A of the Safe and Drug-Free Schools and Communities Act does not permit possession or use of marijuana on campus.
No. The use of clove cigarettes is prohibited by the Smoke and Tobacco-free Campus policy. The Centers for Disease Control (CDC) reports that smoking clove cigarettes is associated with an increased risk for lung damage. See CDC information on clove cigarettes.
Hookah pipes (also known as water pipes, shisha) have a reputation for being the lesser of evils when it comes to smoking options, and from certain perspectives, this is true. Smoking a hookah doesn't have to mean smoking tobacco or taking in nicotine, which are common substances associated with smoking. But hookah smoking does have its own dangers -- combusted charcoal -- which carries health risks even when non-tobacco shisha is used.
When charcoal is burned to create the hookah effect, it releases chemicals in the process, namely carbon monoxide (CO) and polyaromatic hydrocarbons (PAH). In addition to inhaling byproducts of the shisha, waterpipe smokers also inhale fairly large quantities of these combustion-related toxins -- a hidden health risk associated with hookah smoking, even for non-tobacco shisha.
One recent study found that in a typical hookah smoking session, participants inhaled more carbon monoxide than someone who smokes a pack or more a day of conventional cigarettes. Some studies have shown that a person inhales 100-200 times more smoke (by volume) during a typical one hour hookah smoking session than when smoking one cigarette – because the hookah smoke is cooled by water, it can be inhaled more deeply and held for a longer length of time. While hookah tobacco (or non-tobacco shisha) can be bought with trace amounts of nicotine, or even be tobacco-free, most hookah devices are solely designed for charcoal burning to be the mechanism of inhalation. Tobacco tends to burn more slowly than many of the fruit and molasses contents in non-tobacco shishas.
And so, while it may be true that you aren't inhaling tobacco smoke, the sustained burning of the charcoal carries the risk of extended exposure to these chemicals. Even at low levels of exposure, both CO and PAH have corrosive and carcinogenic properties, just like most combustion by-products.
Yes. The use of all tobacco products, including smokeless tobacco products like chewing tobacco and snuff, is prohibited on all university property or in university vehicles. However, medications such as the nicotine patch, gum, lozenge, nasal spray or inhaler are options individuals may consider to help them meet their nicotine needs while at work.
We are an institution of higher education and education will be key to implementing this policy. We will make people aware of the tobacco and smoke-free environment through electronic messaging, signage and marketing. An explanation of the new policy will be communicated to prospective and enrolling students and an explanation of the tobacco and smoke-free campus will be included in the orientation program for new employees and in materials distributed to all outside groups that use university facilities.
Many colleges and universities find that they do not need to enforce the policy if they encourage compliance through educational campaigns. If education and peer enforcement does not result in increased compliance, CSUEB does have the authority to issue citations to individuals violating the smoke-free policy. Under state law, public colleges and universities can determine if they want to fine violators and, if so, the amount of the fine; not to exceed $100. Collected funds can be allocated to include, but not limited to, the designated enforcement agency, education and promotion of the policy, and tobacco cessation treatment options.
Yes. Organizers and attendees at public events, such as conferences, meetings, public lectures, social events, cultural events, and sporting events using university facilities are required to abide by the smoke and tobacco-free campus policy. Organizers of such events are responsible for communicating the policy to attendees.
There is no association between the adoption of a 100 percent tobacco and smoke-free campus policy and a decrease in student enrollment. In fact, many colleges and universities promote a healthy and smoke and tobacco-free campus environment as a way of increasing enrollment.