Music is an integral part of Filipino life; it is used in courtship, as entertainment, and in every sort of life ritual and religious ceremony.

The Bontok kalaleng, or nose flute, is made of a smallish variety of bamboo called anes. It is usually about two feet long, which length is determined by that between the nodes of the bamboo, one of which is removed and the other left on. A half-centimeter hole is then made in the remaining node for the air to be forced through; a hole about midway on the bottom is for the thumb, while three more are usually made on the top for the right hand fingers. As you can see, the third flute is much more elaborate, perhaps having been produced for commercial purposes.

The instruments most prized by Filipinos are the bronze gongs acquired in trade with China. These are often regarded as precious family heirlooms, and are universally employed in religious rites and dances. While usually only a pair of gongs are used in alternation, sometimes a complete set of graded gongs will be played.